Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SASA vol 64, no. 3 (2016) - online edition
Glаsnik Etnogrаfskog institutа SANU 64(3), 2016 - elektronsko izdanje

gei sanu

УДК 39(05)

eISSN 2334-8259

Bulletin IE SASA ISSN 0350-0861
print edition PDF/štampano izdanje

 

Editor in chief:

Drаgаnа Rаdojičić

 

Editor of the Topic:

Miroslava Lukić-Krstanović

Petko Hristov

 

International editorial board:

Radost Ivanova,

Elephterios Alexakis,

Jana Pospíšilová,

Karl Kaser,

Gabriela Kiliánová,
Milica Bakić-Hayden,

Ingrid Slavec-Gradišnik,

Marina Martynova,

Fernando Diego Del Vecchio,

Kjell Magnusson,

Tatiana Podolinska,

Peter Finke,

Ana Dragojlović;

 

Editorial board:

Gojko Subotić,

Sofija Miloradović,

Jelena Čvorović,

Srđan Radović,

Aleksandra Pavićević,

Lada Stevanović,

Ildiko Erdei,

Jelena Jovanović,

Mladena Prelić,

Biljana Sikimić,

Jadranka Đorđević Crnobrnja,

Sanja Zlatanović;

 

The reviewers:

Vojislav Stanovčić,

Mirjana Morokvašić,

Gordana Blagojević,

Dragana Antonijević,

Danica Šantić,

Duško Petrović,

Uršula Lipovec Čebron,

Mirjana Bobić.

 

Secretary:

Mаrijа Đokić

 

Accepted for publication by the reference of academician Vojislav Stanovčić, at meeting of the Department of Social Sciences SASA, November 17. 2015.

 

The Bulletin of Institute of Ethnography SASA is indexed in:

ERIH+ (The European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences),

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals),

SCIndeks (Srpski citatni indeks),

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory,

NSD (Norsk samfunnsvitenskapelig datatjeneste AS – Norwegian Social Science Data Services).

 

 

BELGRADE 2016

 

 

Topic of the Issue – Research of Migrations
Temа brojа – Istraživanje migracija

 

Authors name
Ime autora
Publication title in English and Serbian language
Naslov rada na engleskom i srpskom jeziku

 The 'Third Option': Oscilliatory Migrations of Retired Guest Workers


'Treća opcija': oscilirajuća kretanja gastarbajtera u penziji

pp. 509-526
EMAIL: dantonij@f.bg.ac.rs; lјmilosa@f.bg.ac.rs

DOI: 10.2298/GEI151019001A; UDC: 314.747(497.11)

ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION:22/02/2016


Download PDF*///Preuzmite dokument*

 

Abstract
The subject of this study is focused on new migration tendencies of retired guest workers. This paper represents one part of a study conducted during 2014 in eastern Serbia and Vienna regarding life strategies of retired labor migrants. In domestic (Serbian) social sciences this subject was neglected, but recently it has attracted global social scientific attention with an idea of interdisciplinary merge of migration and age studies. To the day, global literature has only covered retired migrant laborers return to their home countries, but recent studies show changes in migration tendencies of retired laborers of many different nationalities, who have spent their work age in Western Europe. These new migration patterns were called “oscillatory movement” or as a new, alternative “third option”. They are only a form of seasonal and circular migrations which present the most dominant fashion of modern migrant mobility in Europe. Therefore we wanted to see what is the situation with labor migrants from Serbia – do they return to Serbia once they retire or not, and what are their reasons for choosing to live on “two addresses”.

Key words: labor migrants, retirees, old age, oscillatory movement, double residence.

 

Sažetak
Tema ovog rada tiče se novih tendencija u kretanju radnih migranata koji su otišli u penziju. Rad predstavlјa deo istraživanja, sprovedenog tokom 2014. godine u istočnoj Srbiji i Beču, o strategijama života u starosti penzionisanih
gastarbajtera. To je tema koja je zapostavlјena u domaćoj nauci, a od skoro je privukla pažnju i svetske naučne javnosti u okviru pokušaja da se interdisciplinarno povežu studije migracija i studije starosti. Dosadašnja svetska literatura o penzionisanim migrantima obično se ticala teme povratka gastarbajtera u domovinu, ali najnovija istraživanja pokazuju promene u trendu kretanja ostarelih migranata različitih nacionalnosti, koji su radni vek proveli u zapadnoj Evropi, imenujući ih kao „oscilirajuća kretanja“ ili kao novu, alternativnu „treću opciju“. Ona, pak, čine jednu formu sezonskih i cirkularnih migracija koje predstavlјaju dominantan oblik savremene mobilnosti migranata u Evropi. Želeli smo da proverimo kakva je
situacija sa gastarbajterima iz Srbije – da li se vraćaju u domovinu nakon
penzionisanja ili ne i koji ih razlozi motivišu na odluke o načinu života na „dve adrese“.

Klјučne reči: gastarbajteri, starost, penzija, oscilirajuća kretanja, dvostruka
boravišta.



 

Bibliography
Literatura

Ackers, Louise and Peter Dwayer. 2004. „Fixed laws, fluid lives: the citizenship
status of post-retirement migrants in the European Union.“ Ageing and Society 24 (3): 451–475.
Antonijević, Dragana. 2012. „Faktori izgradnje kulturnog identiteta radnih
migranata iz Srbije.“ Etnološko-antropološke sveske n. s. 20 =9: 21-34.
Antonijević, Dragana. 2013. Stranac ovde, stranac tamo: antropološko istraživanje
kulturnog identiteta gastarbajtera. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar -
Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta.
Bolzman, Claudio, Rosita Fibbi and Marie Vial. 2006. „What To Do After
Retirement? Elderly Migrants and the Question of Return.“ Journal of
Ethnic and Migration Studies 32 (8): 1359–1375.
Casado-Diaz, M. A., C. Kaiser, and A. M. Warnes. 2004. “Northern European Retirement Residents in Nine Southern European Countries: Characteristics,
Motivations and Adjustment.” Ageing and Society 24 (3): 353–382.
Cassarino, Jean-Pierre. 2004. „Theorising Return Migration: The Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited.“ International Journal on Multicultural Societies (IJMS) 6 (2): 253–279.
Cesare, Francesco. 1974. „Expectations and Reality: A Case Study of Return
Migration from the United States to Southern Italy.“ International
Migration Review 8 (2): 245–262.
Cohen, Rina and Gerald Gold. 1997. „Constructing Ethnicity: Myth of Return and
Modes of Exclusion among Israelis in Toronto.“ International Migration
35 (3): 373–394.
Constant, Amelie and Douglas Massey. 2002. „Return Migration by German
Guestworkers: Neoclassical versus New Economic Theories.“ International Migration 40 (84): 5–38.
Cuba, Lee and David M. Hummon. 1993. „Constructing a Sense of Home: Place
Affiliation and Migration across the Life Cycle.“ Sociolological Forum 8
(4): 547–572.
Čapo, Jasna. 2012. "'Not a Soul Can Plan to Return for Sure!' Double Homing Desire of Croatian Migrants in Germany“. In Migration and Identity. Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Dimensions of Mobility in the Balkans, ed.
Petko Hristov, 38-48. Sofia: Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies
with Ethnographic Museum Bulgarian Academy of Sciences – Paradigma.
Čapo Žmegač, Jasna. 2010. "Return Migration: The Changing Faces and Challenging Facets of a Field of Study". In Migration in, from, and to Southeastern
Europe, eds. Klaus Roth and Jutta Lauth Bacas (eds.), Part 2, Ways and
Strategies of Migrating. Ethnologia Balkanica 14: 227–245.
de Haas, Hein and Tineke Fokkema. 2010. „Intra-Household Conflicts in Migration
Decisionmaking: Return and Pendulum Migration in Morocco.“
Population and Development Review 36 (3): 541–561.
Ganga, Deianira. 2006. „From Potential Returnees into Settlers: Nottinghams Older
Italians.“ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 32 (8): 1395–1413.
Glick Schiller, Nina, Linda Basch and Cristina Szanton Blanc. 1995. „From Immigrant to Transmigrant: Theorizing Transnational Migration.“ Anthropological Quarterly 68 (1): 48–63.
Gmelch, George. 1980. „Return Migration.“ Annual Review of Anthropology 9:
135-159.
Guarnizo, Luis Eduardo. 2003. „The Economics of Transnational Living.“ International Migration Review 37 (3): 666–699.
Hunter, Alistair. 2011. „Theory and Practice of Return Migration at Retirement:
Тhe Case of Migrant Worker Hostel Residents in France.“ Population,
Space and Place 17 (2): 179–192.
King, Russell. 2002. „Towards a New Map of European Migration.“ International
Journal of Population Geography 8: 89–106
King, Russell, Anthony M. Warnes, and Allan M. Williams. 1998. „International
Retirement Migration in Europe.“ International Journal of Population
Geography 4: 91-111.
Klimt, Andrea. 1989. „Returning ‘Home’: Portuguese Migrant Notions of Temporariness, Permanence, and Commitment.“ New German Critique 46: 47–
70.
Klimt, Andrea. 2000. „European Spaces: Portuguese Migrants’ Notions of Home
and Belonging.“ Diaspora 9 (2): 259–285.
Litwin, Howard and Elazar Leshem. 2008. „Late-Life Migration, Work Status,
and Survival: The Case of Older Immigrants from the Former Soviet
Union in Israel.” International Migration Review 42 (4): 903–925.
Margolis, Maxine S. 1995. „Transnationalism and Popular Culture: The Case of
Brazilian Immigrants in the United States.“ Journal of Popular Culture 29:
29–41.
Markov, Ivaylo. 2012. „Migration, Household and Decision-Making Conflicts:
The Case of Albanians from the Republic of Macedonia.“ In Migration
and Identity. Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Dimensions of Mobility
in the Balkans, ed. Petko Hristov, 115–129. Sofia: Institute of
Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum Bulgarian
Academy of Sciences – Paradigma.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2011. „Upravljanje vremenom i njegovo vrednovanje kod
starijih pripadnika društva.“ Antropologija 11 (1): 143–159.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2012. Ogledi iz antropologije starosti. Beograd: Srpski
genealoški centar: Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog
fakulteta.
Milosavljević, Ljubica i Dragana Antonijević. 2015. „Starački domovi kao
perspektiva i realnost starih gastarbajtera.“ Etnoantropološki problemi 10
(2): 333–355.
Ruhs, Martin. 2006. „The potential of temporary migration programmes in future
international migration policy.“ International Labour Review 145 (1–2): 7–
30.
Vertovec, Steven. 2004. „Migrant Transnationalism and Modes of Transformation.“
International Migration Review 38 (3): 970–1001.
Warnes, Anthony M, K. Friedrich, L. Kellaher and S. Torres. 2004. „The diversity
and welfare of older migrants in Europe.“ Ageing and Society 24 (3): 307–
326.
Warnes, Anthony M. and Allan Williams. 2006. „Older Migrants in Europe: A
New Focus for Migration Studies.“ Journal of Ethnic and Migration
Studies 32 (8): 1257–1281.
White, Paul. 2006. „Migrant Populations Approaching Old Age: Prospects in
Europe.“ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 32 (8): 1283–1300.
Williams, Allan M., Russell King, and Tony Warnes. 1997. „A Place in the Sun:
International Retirement Migration from Northern to Southern Europe.“
European Urban and Regional Studies 4 (2): 115–134.
Wiseman Robert F. and Curtis C. Roseman. 1979. „A Typology of Elderly
Migration Based on the Decision Making Process.“ Economic
Geography 55 (4): 324–337.

 

* Please note that some papers include text in Serbian and just an abstract in English language and viceversa. /// Imajte u vidu da su tekstovi nа srpskom jeziku (većinom) na ćiriličnom pismu. Pored toga, neki radovi imaju tekst na engleskom i samo sažetak na srpskom jeziku i obrnuto.