Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SASA vol 63, no. 3 (2015) - online edition
Glаsnik Etnogrаfskog institutа SANU 63(3), 2015 - elektronsko izdanje

gei sanu

УДК 39(05)

eISSN 2334-8259

Bulletin IE SASA ISSN 0350-0861
print edition PDF/štampano izdanje

 

Editor in chief:

Drаgаnа Rаdojičić

 

Editors of the Topic:

Miroslava Lukić Krstanović,

Petko Hristov

 

International editorial board:

Radost Ivanova,

Elephterios Alexakis,

Jana Pospíšilová,

Karl Kaser,

Gabriela Kiliánová,
Milica Bakić-Hayden,

Ingrid Slavec-Gradišnik,

Marina Martynova,

Fernando Diego Del Vecchio,

Kjell Magnusson,

Tatiana Podolinska,

Peter Finke,

Ana Dragojlović;

 

Editorial board:

Gojko Subotić,

Sofija Miloradović,

Jelena Čvorović,

Srđan Radović,

Aleksandra Pavićević,

Lada Stevanović,

Ildiko Erdei,

Jelena Jovanović,

Mladena Prelić,

Biljana Sikimić,

Jadranka Đorđević Crnobrnja,

Sanja Zlatanović;

 

The reviewers:

Vojislav Stanovčić,

Mirjana Morokvašić,

Gordana Blagojević,

Dragana Antonijević,

Danica Šantić,

Duško Petrović,

Uršula Lipovec Čebron,

Mirjana Bobić.

 

Secretary:

Mаrijа Đokić

 

Accepted for publication by the reference of academician Vojislav Stanovčić, at meeting of the Department of Social Sciences SASA, November 17. 2015.

 

The Bulletin of Institute of Ethnography SASA is indexed in:

ERIH+ (The European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences),

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals),

SCIndeks (Srpski citatni indeks),

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory,

NSD (Norsk samfunnsvitenskapelig datatjeneste AS – Norwegian Social Science Data Services).

 

Copyeditor:

Branislav Pantović

 

 

BELGRADE 2015

 

 

Topic of the Issue – Research of Migrations
Temа brojа – Istraživanje migracija

 

Authors name
Ime autora
Publication title in English and Serbian language
Naslov rada na engleskom i srpskom jeziku

Methodological and Epistemological Challenges of Researching Co-Ethnic Migrations in a Post-War Area

Metodološki i epistemološki izazovi istraživanja koetničkih migracija na posleratnom terenu

 

pp. 551-563
EMAIL:
hristov_p@yahoo.com
DOI: 10.2298/GEI1503551H;UDC: 314.7"32"(497);ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION: 19/10/2015


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Abstract
The article presents an observation on the various traditional forms of cross-border seasonal labour mobility on the Balkans, both as agricultural works away from the home place, and as large-scale temporary craftsmen’s migrations of builders, bakers,
dairy workers, confectioners and so on. In countries like Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia, traditional cultural models of trans-border labour mobility that encompasses the majority of the male population of entire regions have existed for centuries. These migrant groups created the specific subculture of gurbet, which the men carried with them in the big city, at the same time altering the entire model of
traditional culture in their home regions. The annual journeys of men from the various mountain parts of the Balkans “at work” and “for gain” (pečalba) in the course of the years developed specific features of the feast-ritual system and folklore
in the villages of these regions. At the same time, the traditional Balkan gurbet is an important condition for mutual penetration between various cultures and peoples and for creating new cultural patterns and various multidimentional identities.

Key words: migrations, labour mobility, gender, gurbet, pečalbarstvo, Šopluk.

 

Sažetak
Ovaj rad se bavi različitim tradicionalnim radnim i sezonskim migracijama na Balkanu, uključujući poljoprivredne radove van mesta stanovanja i radne povremene migracije građevinskih radnika, pekara, radnika na farmama mleka itd. U zemljama
kao što su Albanija, Bugarska, Grčka, Makedonija i Srbija, tradicionalni kulturni modeli prekograničnih migracija koje su obuhvatale većinu muške populacije čitavih regija, postojale su vekovima. Ove grupe migranata bile su stvaraoci i nosioci naročite podkulture gurbet, istovremeno menjajući čitave modele tradicionalne kulture u svojim matičnim zemljama. Godišnje migracije muškaraca iz različitih planinskih regija Balkana zbog posla i – zarade, tokom godina dobile su specifične karakteristike
ritualnih i festivnih sistema u selima ovih regija. Istovremeno, tradicionalni balkanski gurbet postao je značajan činilac obostranog uticaja različitih kultura i naroda, stvarajući tako nove kulturne obrasce i različite više-dimenzijske identitete.

Ključne reči: migracije, radne migracije, pol, gurbet, pečalbarstvo, Šopluk.

 

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