Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SASA vol. 63, no. 2 (2015) - online edition
Glаsnik Etnogrаfskog institutа SANU 63/2 (2015) - elektronsko izdanje

gei sanu

УДК 39(05)

ISSN 0350-0861 (you can download print edition here)

eISSN 2334-8259 (Online)

 

Editor in chief:

Drаgаnа Rаdojičić

 

Editor of the Topic:

Sanja Zlatanović

 

International editorial board:

Radost Ivanova,

Elephterios Alexakis,

Jana Pospíšilová,

Karl Kaser,

Gabriela Kiliánová,
Milica Bakić-Hayden,

Ingrid Slavec-Gradišnik,

Marina Martynova,

Fernando Diego Del Vecchio,

Kjell Magnusson,

Tatiana Podolinska,

Peter Finke;

 

Editorial board:

Gojko Subotić,

Sofijа Milorаdović,

Jelenа Čvorović,

Srđan Radović,

Aleksаndrа Pаvićević,

Lаdа Stevаnović,

Ildiko Erdei,

Jelena Jovanović;

 

The reviewers:

Vojislav Stanovčić,

Dušan Drlјača,

Dragana Antonijević,

Slobodan Naumović,

Irena Špadijer,

Danijel Sinani,

Bilјana Sikimić,

Branko Ćupurdija,

Gordana Gorunović,
Mladena Prelić,

Miroslava Malešević,

Saša Nedelјković,

Miroslava Lukić Krstanović,
Ljilјana Gavrilović,

Gordana Blagojević,

Sanja Zlatanović,

Jadranka Đorđević Crnobrnja,

Đorđina Trubarac Matić.

 

Secretary:

Mаrijа Đokić

 

Accepted for publication by the reference of academician Vojislav Stanovčić, at meeting of the Department of Social Sciences SASA, May 12th 2015.

 

The Bulletin of Institute of Ethnography SASA is indexed in:

ERIH+ (The European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences),

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals),

SCIndeks (Srpski citatni indeks),

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

 

Copyeditor:

Branislav Pantović

 

 

BELGRADE 2015

 

 

Topic of the Issue – Conflict and Reconciliation in the Balkans
Temа brojа –
Konflikt i pomirenje nа Bаlkаnu


Authors name
Ime autora
Publication title in English and Serbian language
Naslov rada na engleskom i srpskom jeziku

Religious Configuration of the ‘Other’ in the Contemporary Balkan Societies (Cultural Mechanisms and Perspectives)

Konflikti i nužnost njihovog razrešavanja
u savremenom svetu

pp. 255-263
EMAIL:
gpsantek@ffzg.hr
DOI
:10.2298/GEI1502265S; UDC: 572.029:2; )
ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION: 19. 05. 2015.



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Abstract
This paper is an anthropological study of processes that lead to the traumatization of a society, and of processes that result in forgiveness and reconciliation as chosen ways of dealing with post-conflict situations. The area on which the research is focused is Southeastern Europe, or more precisely Croatian and Serbian societies and relations. As cultural anthropology has not developed any special theory to deal with the causes of traumatic experiences in cultures and societies, this study uses the conceptions of closely related cultural sociology, formulated in Jeffrey Alexander's works. According to Alexander cultural trauma occurs when members of a collectivity feel they have been subjected to a horrendous event that leaves indelible marks upon their group consciousness, marking their memories forever and changing their future identity in fundamental and irrevocable ways. Insofar as they identify the cause of trauma, and thereby assume such moral responsibility, members of collectivities define their solidary relationships in ways that allow them to share the sufferings of others. In thinking that the suffering of others might also be our own societies expand the circle of the we. According to the same theory, when social groups refuse to recognize the existence of others' trauma and suffering, they not only diffuse their own responsibility for the suffering but often project the responsibility for their own suffering on these others. It is necessary then, for any process of reconciliation to be successful, that groups recognize suffering of others and their own responsibility. From the fact that social groups might refuse to participate in the process of trauma creation, it is obvious that trauma does not exist naturally, but that trauma is a social construction, a socially mediated attribution. This paper and research are also designed as an anthropological comparison with a huge sociological research of religiosity in Croatia done in 2000, partly also focused on the topic of reconciliation. Anthropological research of young believers for this paper was conducted in 2014 and 2015 in Croatia, with interview used as the main research method. The main results show that: there still exists an important difference between proclaimed and practical believers; both Catholic Church in Croatia and Serbian Orthodox Church are expected to work on forgiveness and reconciliation; ecumenism is highly valued; readiness for taking part in common Catholic-Orthodox meetings and services is ubiquitous; and that the readiness to forgive and conciliate is real and substantial. The research confirmed the vision of youth believers as a group that is especially ready to conciliate and actively work on the processes of reconciliation and forgiveness, and that there is a solid basis for the success of these processes in contemporary Croatian society.

Key words: religion, absoltion, youth, cultural trauma

 

Sažetak
U ovomu se radu razmatraju antropološka i njima bliska promišljanja procesa koji dovode do traumatizacije nekoga društva, te procesa koji u nekom društvu dovode do prihvaćanja oprosta i pomirenja kao načina rješavanja postkonfliktnih situacija. Konkretni prostor na kojemu će se razmatrati primjenjivost navedenih promišljanja jest jugoistočna Europa, odnosno društva i odnosi Hrvatske i Srbije. Antropološko istraživanje, koje nastoji biti komparabilno prethodnom sociološkom, fokusirano je na mlade vjernike i potvrdilo je stav o mladima kao skupini prilično sklonoj oprostu i pomirenju. S obzirom na dobivene podatke i koncepte Alexanderove teorije kulturne traume, uz naznačene prepreke, zaključuje se da postoji adekvatna podloga za upuštanje u procese opraštanja i pomirenja.

Ključne reči: religija, oprost, mladi, kulturna trauma


 

Bibliography
Literatura

Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2003. The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2004. Toward a Theory of Cultural Trauma. U Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity, prir. J.C. Alexander et. al., str. 1-30. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Anderson, Benedict 1990. Nacija: zamišljena zajednica. Zagreb: Školska knjiga.
Borofsky, Robert (ur.). 1994. Assessing Cultural Anthropology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Črpić, Gordan. 2001. Pomirenje između i unutar etničkih korpusa. U Mir u Hrvatskoj rezultati istraživanja, prir. B. Vuleta i V.J. Batarelo. CROPAX: Zagreb-Split.

Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1938. Introductory Essay: The Anthropology of Changing African Cultures. U Methods of study of culture contact in Africa, prir. B. Malinowski, str. VII-XXXVIII. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCullough, Michael E. (2001.), Forgiveness: Who does it and how do they do it? Current Directions in Psychological Science 10: 194-197.

Milas, Goran, Ivan Rimac i Nenad Karajić, 2007. Spremnost na oprost i pomirenje nakon Domovinskoga rata u Hrvatskoj. Društvena istraživanja 16/6: 1151–1173.

Schäuble, Michaela. 2014. Narrating Victimhood. Gender, Religion and the Making of Place in Post-War Croatia. New York-Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2014.

Vuleta, Bože i Vice J. Batarelo. 2001. Mir u Hrvatskoj rezultati istraživanja. CROPAX, Zagreb–Split.




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* Please note that some papers include text in Serbian and just an abstract in English language and viceversa. In those cases, if you want to reach an abstract in English, scroll down to the bottom of the PDF document. /// Imajte u vidu da su tekstovi nа srpskom jeziku (većinom) na ćiriličnom pismu. Pored toga, neki radovi imaju tekst na engleskom i samo sažetak na srpskom jeziku i obrnuto.