A workshop was organized at the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory on February 22nd and 23rd to present the results of the project “Serbia and Global Challenges: Towards Fairer and Democratic Public Policies”, conducted by the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, and the Open Society Foundation. Within the panel “Environmental Protection and Climate Changes” the results of the first phase of the research “Creation of Guidelines for the Involvement of Actors Missing in the Planning and Implementation of Public Policies in the Field of Environmental Protection: Comparative Anthropological Research of Loznica and Pljevlja”, conducted by Professor Miloš Milenković, PhD, full professor at the Faculty of Philosophy in Belgrade and Branko Banović, PhD, research associate at the SASA Institute of Ethnography, were presented. On behalf of the research team, Banović presented parts of the results of recent theoretical research, as well as field research of the two cities where a conflict is currently raging, which is manifested through professional ecological topics, but is deeply politically impregnated and intertwined with identity conflicts resulting from economic, home, ethnic or religious reasons. The ethnographic research was complemented by the results obtained by Jelena Ćuković, PhD, the anthropologist at the Faculty of Philosophy in Belgrade. Through this comparative research of Loznica and Pjevlja, the aim was to look at the issues of the socio-cultural consequences of development based on extraction, in a way that includes all stakeholders interested in solving the problems. There is the belief that relying on the authority of science and trust and openness that the citizens show towards the ethnologists and anthropologists on the field, this research can contribute to fairer and more inclusive planning of public policies in the field of environmental protection. The next phase of the project will translate the results of the theoretical and field research into guidelines for creating practical policies and two scientific articles.